Michal Kalecki, Theory of Economic Dynamics. Kalecki is important (the hostility classical Marxists in the Shaikh/Dumenil-Levy vein feel toward him is something I’d like to understand better) but except in format this doesn’t really count as a book. More like reading a couple articles. So it’s only here for completeness.
Peter Laslett, The World We Have Lost. Classic social history of England around the year 1600. Laslett has some odd tics as a writer (like hi one-of-a-kind approach to footnotes) but this is a remarkably rich book given how accessible it is. It really does, I think, give one a sense of how the lived experience of the premodern world was fundamentally different from ours. “Time was when the whole of life went forward in the family, in a circle of loved, familiar faces, known and fondled objects, all to human size. That time has gone forever. It makes us very different from our ancestors.”
Cormac McCarthy, The Road. Maybe I read this last fall, I can’t remember. What an experience — for days afterward, I found myself struck by astonishment when I saw that stores were open, houses inhabited, people alive. A.’s husband S., who reads everything, says it’s the first book of McCarthy’s in over a decade that wasn’t worse than the one before. I can’t agree — Cities of the Plain was awful and No Country for Old Men was at least OK. Anyway, you don’t need to hear about this book from me. It’s on all those “Best of…” lists for a reason.
Lorrie Moore, Self Help. Another story collection whose merits have been obscured for me by Miranda July.
Walter Mosley, Six Easy Pieces. First Moseley I’ve read. Reckon it won’t be the last.
Daniyal Mueenuddin, In Other Rooms Other Wonders. Stories of feudal Pakistan, beautifully executed. These are lovely stories, Joycean in the best sense, but also the most profoundly conservative of any contemporary fiction I’ve read. Mueenuddin is a Punjabi landlord scion himself, regardless of his almost supernatural empathy for everyone up and down the feudal hierarchy. It’s hard to think of a memorable work of fiction from the 20th or even 19th century that is so attentive to the social order and its hierarchies, and yet takes their permanence and morality so completely for granted. (It’s what Tom Wolfe tries, and fails, to do for the US.) “They eat his salt” is a characteristic metaphor for the dependence of retainers on their master; that it might better be turned around never occurs to any of the characters, nor, seemingly, to the author.
Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man Is Hard To Find and Everything That Rises Must Converge. Not sure why this was my year to read Flannery O’Connor. These are fascinating stories. They’re a little too rigid and theological — a little too manipulative of their characters — to have quite the emotional force, at least for me, of Carson McCullers, who O’Conner can’t quite displace from the top of my pantheon of mid-20th century Southern writers. But considered as moral puzzles, they’re insidious. Every one is a document of a moral failure and its punishment, and you find yourself turning them over and over in your head as you struggle to understand what kind of justice is involved.
Kim Phillips-Fein, Visible Hands. A history of business conservatism by an old comrade. The chapter on labor and the workplace is really, really good. With the rest, she might have gotten a little too close to her subject — there’s not much in the histories of institutions like Heritage and AEI that, I reckon, their inmates would object to. And it’s sorely lacking any situating of the rise of the specifically business-based Right in a larger historical context — except, oddly, in the bibliographic notes at the end. The narrow focus of the book on the maneuvering of political entrepreneurs leaves one wondering things like, Were business elites right or wrong to feel as threatened by the New Deal as they did? Were there larger structural forces favoring their victory in the 1980s, or did they just play the game better than the liberals? Did the specific political groups she writes about represent business opinion as a whole, or only some segment of it, and in either case, how were they accountable to them? Did the mass base of the conservative movement constrain the peak institutions, or was it all basically top-down? Ah well, maybe in the next book.
George Saunders, Pastoralia. H.’s ex, A., recommended this one. The title story is not bad and the the third one is better than not bad; the rest probably could have stopped at the workshop. In style it’s sort of a fusion of Raymond Carver and Garcia Marquez, blue-collar types being emotionally strangled in a sur- or hyper-real world. (Maybe this is a new thing, magical social realism?) I approve the concept but he tries a bit too hard.
W. G. Sebald, Austerlitz. A very strange novel, recommended to me by G. I wonder if some of the things that make it read so strangely, like the lack of paragraphs (or chapters or other breaks) and the indirect dialogue, are more common in German-language fiction? In any case, it’s about an older man in England who was evacuated from central Europe as a child and his effort to recover his forgotten childhood and family — a powerful metaphor for the irrecoverable void in the past of central Europe (or maybe in all of our pasts). The book, especially the opening scenes, is written with jewel-like precision, but I’m not sure how widely I would recommend it — it’s a tour de force that feels almost more like a brilliantly-executed exercise, a demonstration of technique, than a book in its own right.
Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions 1848-1851. A general history of 1848. There are probably better ones, but it was useful to me.
Alain Supiot, Homo Juridicus. Maybe the richest and most challenging book I read this year. It’s a series of meditations on the relation of law to society, written in that distinctive elliptical French-theorist style. At the broadest level, it’s a defense of positive law, against intellectual currents that would reduce law to a special case of economics, or biology, or administration. In this sense he’s a liberal, but Supiot (like Carl Schmitt, in his own way) shows how there are elements of the political vision of liberalism that socialism needs to build on and not just transcend. Another book that really needs a post of its own. Meantime, there’s a good review in NLR (subscription only, unfortunately).
Peter Temin, Did Monetary Forces Cause the Great Depression? Why is it that in American economics, the only subject where you’re allowed to merge history and macroeconomics is the Depression? In any case, for my money, this is how economics should be written. (The answer to the title question, if you’re wondering, is No.)
Wells Tower, Everything Ravaged Everything Burned. The second-best short-story collection I read this year. Like Saunders, he’s taking the emotional tone of the the Carver-era American story and placing it against a heightened background, in this case not by departing from reality but by seeking out less familiar bits of it. So the guy going through an ugly divorce also collects tropical fish (or has to pick his ex-wife up from a yoga retreat), the man who’s left home after a fight with his mother’s new husband finds himself in the company of a pedophile at a prize-pig contest at a county fair, the man who can’t get past his feud with his brother is also speculating in real estate in Maine. Or, in the title story, the working-class guy just trying to get by happens to work as a Viking raider in medieval Norway. One wants to hate this guy because he’s followed the Brooklyn-writer script so exactly — the MFA, the prizes, the old-money name. But he writes so well!
B. Traven, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre. Just read this one, off of Geert’s shelf. Adventure stories in revolutionary Mexico, with an anarchist-socialist edge. And funny, too. Can’t argue with that — I’m starting The Death Ship now.
(Not much economics, huh? Partly, see the tag. But it’s also the case that economics mostly doesn’t come in book form.)